Nutrition briefs and practices of ballet students. Conversely, Alricsson and Werner [ 50 ] found back pain and neck pain to be significantly higher in a control group than in a group of cross-country skiers at the top national level. Dietary supplement use among elite young German athletes. Skip to search form Skip to main content. Although degenerative changes in the spine are not always accompanied by pain, the prevalence of back pain is increasingly affected, even if just a few athletes with sports-related spinal changes experience back pain.
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This was separately conducted for the high- and low-quality studies. Data from a number of studies required recalculation because authors expressed data as a percent of dietary supplement users rather than as a percent of the total sample. The revelations from Shim and other skaters come as a resurgent women's movement is demanding changes to South Korea's notoriously patriarchal, conservative culture. Sekulic et al. If Ms. Descriptions of the exact area of pain and the frequency, duration, and intensity or severity of attacks should be standardized [ 3 , 6 ], which would provide opportunities for statistical summary and data pooling.
Prevalence of Back Pain in Sports: A Systematic Review of the Literature
I 2 indicated the percent of heterogeneity among studies, with smaller values denoting more homogeneity and larger values less homogeneity. It was also not a blinded review because the different studies were easily recognizable. Flexion and rotation of the trunk and lifting at work are risk factors for low back pain: results of a prospective cohort study. Hutchinson [ 33 ].
Nieper A. Substance use in dance sports. Stand-alone abstracts without full-text articles were excluded because they were difficult to locate, were generally not included in reference databases, and in many cases were not peer reviewed. Even the earliest studies in the literature demonstrated that a very large proportion of athletes were using dietary supplements [ 54 , 56 , 83 , 95 , , ]. Japan resumes commercial whaling amid backlash.